We present here three walking tours of Athens. They are free for your enjoyment, and you may use them on your phone or tablet as you walk through the most important ancient ruins and the historic center of Athens.
You may walk each one separately, or you may combine them for one day-long tour.
- Map of the Walking Tours
- Tour 1: The Historic Center
- Tour 2: Ancient Athens
- Tour 2.1: Ancient Athens Extension
Map of the Walking Tours
You may open the tour map in a new window to switch between browser tabs, or you may click on the [map] link as you reach each stage below.
Tour 1: The Historic Center
If you have an afternoon to spend around Athens, a walk around Monastiraki and Plaka is a pleasant experience. Best time to start would be around 7:30 or 8:00 PM, after the sun has journeyed close or beyond the horizon line and the daylight heat begins subsiding.
The total distance of this walk is about 2.5 kilometers (1.5 miles). Follow the BLUE line on our map.
This is a leisurely walk to do some shopping, to observe the street life, and to enjoy a good meal whenever it seems appropriate. There are plenty of places to do all that in every corner.
Power walking is not out of the question but these–mostly pedestrian–streets are more conducive to a leisurely stroll than an exercise session.
If you are in need of a restroom you can use any cafeteria along the way, You can often walk right through to the restroom without asking.
Some of these restrooms are in the basement where their glass floor reveals ancient ruins below the modern building (MOMA restaurant in Adrianou street is one of them).
Start at Syntagma square [map] where you can spend some time people-watching.
Many tourists venture across the busy street to feed the pigeons and to watch the changing of the guard at the tomb of the unknown soldier in front of the Parliament.
The most adventurous ones take their souvenir photo standing next to the immovable statuette guards, especially those who find the traditional military uniform noteworthy.
The presidential guards sport a bayonet-fixed rifle, pom-pom shoes, stockings, and a pleated mini skirt. You might think that military people have a funky sense of fashion, and that’s probably true.
However, the outfit was developed for agility in the mountainous terrain of Greece. It gave Greek independence fighters a slight mobility edge in ambush fighting. You have to give them credit for donning the mini skirt more than a century before it scandalized puritans in the 1960’s.
You might want to linger around the square and catch the elaborate changing of the guard choreography (another funky military attempt at art it seems). Or you may go for a leisurely walk in the extensive National Gardens behind the Parliament building. But if you’ve been in other parks in Europe or in the US, it will not be very interesting or quiet.
Ermou Street Toward Monastiraki
From Syntagma square, take Ermou west towards Monastiraki. To find Ermou, stand in front of the fountain in the middle of the Syntagma square keeping the Parliament to your back. The street right in front of you is Ermou.
Most of the shops sell fashion items, apparel, and electronics. Soon you will see the ancient church of Panagia Kapnikarea in the middle of the street. [map]
After the church, continue on Ermou street for three more blocks. You will reach a busy intersection.
Make a left to find yourself among crowds in Monastiraki square [map], and then take the first left on Mitropoleos street.
Eenjoy a leisurely walk in Mitropoleos street. You will be flanked by outdoor restaurants most of which offer gyros and grilled meats.
Within a few blocks, you will find Mitropoleos square where you will be confronted with the stately Cathedral (Mitropolis) of Athens.
In Mitropoleos Square [map] Athens Cathedral dominates with its large and imposing shape. But it’s not the most important church in the square.
Right next to the large cathedral, don’t miss the beautiful and historic Agios Eleftherios church.
What the little structure lacks in size, makes up with beautiful proportions, elegant silhouette, and decorative details. Look closely and you will see many marble stones and statue fragments embedded in it’s red brick walls.
Most of these marble fragments came from the Acropolis at a time (just a few hundred years from today) when the local authorities considered the ancient monument to be a convenient quarry of building material.
The restaurants on Mitropoleos square are on the expensive side, but having a beverage here might not be a bad idea to recharge your batteries and enjoy some people-watching.
From the front of the little church of Agios Eleftherios (with the church on your back) walk straight to Pandrosou [map] to enjoy a purely “touristy” experience though all the little souvenir shops and the wandering visitors.
This is a pedestrian only street, lined with open-frond shops, that sell everything from cheap kitsch, to t-shirts, to quality gold jewelry, handicrafts, to leather and fur products.
This is where the metro station spills the passengers, and this is the crossroad where six busy commercial streets converge.
Cross the square, and continue onward to Ifaistou thrift shops. [map]
This is a popular shopping place for locals and tourists alike. The open-front shops spill their wares onto the street and it seems as if everything is easily attainable and cheap.
It’s not easy counting “blocks” in these pedestrian streets, but about five blocks ahead, make a left on Kinetou street [map] to reach Andrianou in front of the archaeological site of the Agora.
You are now walking on the oldest continuously used road of Athens that dates to the Classical era and beyond. This makes Andrianou street more than 2500 years old.
You may opt and have a meal or a drink here. But if you want to save it for a memorable dinner in view of the ancient ruins later, use polite smiles to fen off the hundred waiters who invite you to their venue and continue your tour.
Soon you will find the street becoming wider and splitting in front of the Thesion metro station [map].
Somehow this feels like you reached an end, and your first impulse might be to turn back and walk through Adrianou again.
Ag. Asomaton Street
But if you are up for a longer stroll, continue to your left through Ag. Asomaton street [map], lined with hand-made jewelry and other artisan kiosks.
Within minutes, you will find yourself on a wider pedestrian street called Apostolou Pavlou.
Apostolou Parlou Street
If you continue your walk, soon you will find yourself in smaller and smaller crowds as you move toward the Acropolis entrance.
The end of Apostolou Pavlou will bring you to a fork. Keep left to enter Dionysiou Areopagitou street [map].
Turning sharp left on the marble-lined path will bring you to the Acropolis. But for this tour, continue on Dionysiou Areopagitou street.
If you are up for it, or if you are looking for some shelter from the heat, consider a visit to the Acropolis Museum before continuing.
At the very least, walk down the wide staircase toward the museum entrance and enjoy the ancient ruins under the walkway. If you are lucky, you will also see the archaeologists working below your feet.
Make a left after the museum onto Vyronos street [map]. Here you are in Plaka district and winding old streets again.
Make a right on Lysikratous, and then a quick left onto Andrianou street [map].
You are now at the south end of Andrianou street, the same one you visited earlier on our tour, with all the restaurants next to ancient Agora ruins. You know, the one that’s over 2500 years old.
Continue on Andrianou. At this end the street is lined with shops and restaurants.
Eventually the street runs into, and wraps around the ruins of Hadrian’s library [map].
Make a right after the ruins, onto Areos Street [map] and marvel at the Library of Hadrian’s imposing columns.
Two blocks later you will be in Monastiraki square where you can hop on the metro to your next adventure.
Tour 2: Ancient Athens
This tour would take a good part of a day with stops at museums for lunch, and rest.
The total distance of this walk is about 5-7 kilometers (4.5 miles).
If you have time prior to the walk, review the brief history of Greece to better appreciate the sights.
Follow the ORANGE line on our map and with the exception of the actual Acropolis visit, this walk takes place over relatively flat land. It would be best to start this walk around 8:00 AM.
If you have extra time at the end, or if you want to continue the tour a second day, follow the GREEN line on the map. More about the extension (Tour 2.1) later.
It might be a good idea to buy two small bottles of water from the food shops across from the Acropolis Metro station and to have a quick breakfast there (if you haven’ had it at the hotel), or buy a cheese pie to eat as you walk.
Turn left on Dionysiou Areopagitou street.
On your left, you will see the Acropolis Museum. We will reserve a visit there for later in the day when its air conditioned rooms would be a welcome relief from the mid-day sun, so head for the Acropolis itself now that the sun is still low on the horizon.
Buy your Tickets to the Ancient Sites
The ticket you buy at the Acropolis costs 12 Euro and will allow you entry to all the archaeological sites we’ll visit in this tour: Acropolis, Agora and it’s museum, Kerameikos and its museum, Hadrian’s Library, Roman Agora, and the Olympeion.
After you get your ticket, walk up the foot path that takes you through the Theatre of Dionysus [map]. This is one of the most important theaters in Greece, and the place where Theatre reached it’s zenith in Ancient Athens.
It is in ruinous state, with most of the cavea stones missing, but some of the front row VIP seats and the orchestra are still preserved.
Continue walking toward the Acropolis entrance, and soon you will be at the back wall of the Odeon of Herodes Atticus [map].
The Odeon is a Roman era addition, built about 300 years after the Parthenon. In contrast with theaters, Odeons were roofed, and hosted mainly musical performances. It is still used for musical performances today, and if you can catch one of the rare summer ones, it will be the highlight of your trip.
The orange tour line on our map suggests a walking path around the Parthenon, but feel free to walk around and enjoy the ancient ruins as you please.
On the Acropolis itself you can find a water fountain (good place to refill your water bottles) and toilets at the southeast end of the rock [map]. But shade and other amenities are not available until you exit the archaeological site.
It would take at the very least about half-hour to walk around the monuments of the Acropolis and to take in the city view form above.
Exit the Acropolis and head west towards the Areios Pagos [map], the bare rock to the right, above the Agora. Ascend the rock through the stairs for good views of the Acropolis and the Agora below, and for some excellent “selfie” opportunities with the Parthenon in the background.
The Ancient Agora of Athens
You will be walking on a historic dirt path that in Classical antiquity was the sacred Panathenaic Way.
You can probably be finished with the museum visit in about fifteen or twenty minutes, and when you are done follow the orange line on our map to exit on Adrianou street [map].
Now you may choose to go left toward Kerameikos, or right toward Monastiraki. The second option will shave about one hour off this tour.
If you opt to skip Keramikos, make a right after you exit the Agora, and skip down to Monastiraki and Lunch.
Kerameikos [map] is a major Archaeological site. It encloses ancient Athens’ defensive walls and the cemetery of Classical Athens. But given the other sites and museums included here, it’s not a “must-see” venue if you only have a casual interest in ancient Greece.
To visit Kerameikos, make a left on Adrianou street after you exit the Agora.
When you reach the Thesion Metro (HSAP) station, turn right in Ag. Asomaton, past the Church of Agia Asomati and Ag. Georgios, and then left on Melidoni street [map].
Follow the fence toward the archaeological site entrance.
There is a restroom and a water fountain at the Museum entrance [map] if you need them. If you need to cool off, start your visit with the air conditioned museum, otherwise you can see it when you exit the archaeological site.
Walking around Kerameikos ruins and visiting the museum would take anywhere from half, to one hour.
Once finished with your Kerameikos walking tour, head back toward Thesion Metro station again, the same way you came, this time walking with the archaeological site to your left.
Once you reach Thesion Metro station [map] you will have the option of hopping on the train to reach the next stop: Monastiraki station which is closer to our next Archaeological site.
Another option would be to use the Metro from Thesion to get back to the Acropolis museum by skipping Hadrian’s Library and the Roman Agora.
But if you still have the time, the next part of this tour would take you through good city walking territory, and coincides with parts of our sightseeing tour of Monastiraki, so we recommend following our tour on foot.
Monastiraki and lunch
With your back to Thesion Metro station, walk straight ahead to Adrianou street. This is the street you walked after you earlier Agora visit.
If you started the tour early in the morning, you are probably ready for lunch just about now, and you should be in the right place.
As you walk through Adrianou street pick one of the outdoor restaurants next to the Agora ancient ruins to have your lunch and a drink, or a bathroom break. Some restaurant and café restrooms have glass floors where you can see ancient ruins below the modern building.
Then, walk east, with the Agora ruins to your right.
Make a right on Areos street, immediately after Monastiraki Metro station, and you will immediately see Hadrian’s Library on your left.
Hadrian’s Library and Roman Agora (or Forum)
Both of these ancient sites can be visited in about half an hour.
Both Hadrian’s Library and the Roman Agora [map] are later additions to the city. They were built by the Romans about 400 years after the Parthenon and the Hephaisteion. For perspective, the Ottoman mosque adjacent to the library was built more than 1500 years later.
The library was built by the philhellene Roman emperor Hadrian in 132 CE to house papyrus books and to revitalize the already declining intellectual centrality of post-Classical Athens.
In it’s grounds, you will see the foundation outlines of later Byzantine churches that were built on the library’s ruins between 500 and 1200 CE. Again for perspective, that’s over a millennium after the Parthenon was built.
Exit the Library and turn left on Areos Street. Follow it for two blocks and again turn left where the road comes to an end at the Library of Pantainos.
Immediately, you will see the imposing Gate of Athena Archegetis. That’s the entrance to the Roman Agora.
The Roman Agora (Forum) [map] was built after the Roman empire established rule over Greece to differentiate their market from the ancient Athenian one. It was built on the site of an earlier Hellenistic center.
In the Roman Agora, you will find the remarkably preserved Tower of Winds [map]. It’s an octagonal marble building that stands intact since the 2nd century BCE.
The building alternated functions over the next two millennia, but it was originally built to house a water clock and to act as a weather vane. The relief statues that surround the top of the tower depict the eight wind directions.
Toward the Acropolis Museum
It would take you about 15 or 20 minutes to reach the Acropolis Museum from the Roman Agora.
If you follow our orange map line, the next twenty minutes will take you through a pleasant, flat, and “touristy” part of town.
Options: If you don’t want to walk through other wandering tourists, you can walk back to Monastiraki station to ride the Metro to the Acropolis Museum.
Another option is to to ascent through Dioskouron or Panos pedestrian streets toward the Acropolis for less crowded sightseeing through picturesque residential areas. If you choose this latter option, keep in mind that the walk uphill is steep.
With this option, you will be lost in the meandering streets. But keep the Acropolis to your right and you’ll eventually end up at the Acropolis museum.
Continuing with our tour, exit the Roman Forum, make a right, and continue walking with the archaeological site to your right.
Two blocks away, make a right on Adrianou street [map] – the oldest continuously used road of Athens that dates to the Classical era and beyond. It’s a pleasant walk through tourist shops and restaurants.
Turn right on Lysikratous street, and then left on Vyronos street [map].
It’s easier to cross the street and walk through the park where the monument is rather than walking on the busy street traffic on Vyronos.
The Monument of Lysicrates was financed by a wealthy citizen of Ancient Athens who also sponsored musical performances at the Theatre of Dionysus you saw earlier at the Acropolis. Lysicrates built it to commemorate his sponsored performance’s winning first price in 335/334 BCE.
Turn right on Dionysioy Areopagitou.
You are back where this walking tour started, and it’s time to appreciate the cultural output of the people that walked these same streets 2500 years ago with a visit to the Acropolis Museum.
The Acropolis Museum
You will have to buy a ticket (€ 12) at the entrance since it is not included in the sites you paid for at the Acropolis. But don’t throw away the other ticket because you would need it if you plan to visit the Olympeion later in the tour extension.
The museum is a beautiful, modern, building that houses the artifacts unearthed during excavations at the Acropolis.
It is packed with amazing art from all eras of Ancient Greece, but the highlights are the spectacular exhibits of the Parthenon pediment and frieze sculptures on the third floor, and the Karyatides of the Erechtheion overlooking the main staircase.
Don’t neglect to watch the ten-minute long “History of the Acropolis” movie on the third floor projection area.
If you still have time, or if you would like to see more of Ancient Athens another day, continue to the Ancient Athens walking tour extension.
Tour 2.1: Ancient Athens Extension
You should follow this extension if you finished the previous tour early in the day (well before 1:00 pm), Otherwise, you would be better off starting this tour on its own day.
Besides concerns about walking under the relentless mid-day summer sun after 1:00pm, you might find some of the following sites closed.
Follow the GREEN color on our [map].
This tour extension is designed to take you through the Temple of Zeus at the Olympeion, the Panathenaic Stadium, Zapeio, Syntagma, and the must-see National Archaeological Museum of Athens (check the museum hours to make sure it’s open when you arrive).
As an option (PURPLE line on our map), you can skip the walking of this extension and instead ride the Metro from the Acropolis Station to Victoria to visit the National Archaeological Museum of Athens.
With the Acropolis Museum to your right, walk down Dionysiou Areopagitou street three blocks. You are now leaving the peaceful pedestrian streets behind you.
Cross busy 8-lane street through the crosswalk. On your right the street is named Leoforos Syngrou, on your left it’s named Leoforos Vasilisis Amalias.
As soon as you cross the street, walk left on Vasillissis Amalias, and veer to the right on Vasillissis Olgas [map].
The most notable ancient ruins you see on your right are Hadrian’s Arch facing you next to the busy street, and the imposing columns of the Temple of Zeus.
Soon you will see the entrance to the archaeological site on your right. Enter the Olympeion and enjoy a leisurely walk around. You can see everything in about twenty minutes or half-hour.
The main attraction of the Olympeion archaeological site is the Temple of Olympian Zeus, which is the largest in Greece [map].
It’s construction began in the 6th century BCE by Peisistratos in the Athenian Archaic era. It was finally completed 600 years later when Emperor Hadrian dedicated it in 132 CE (Roman Era).
It is worth noting that the Dodge of Venice, Francesco Morosini, unleashed the barrage of mortars that destroyed the Parthenon from this very spot during the Turkish-Venecian war in 1685 (at the time Greece was under Turkish occupation). It’s something to ponder as you gaze at the Acropolis from the Olympeion.
Next head east on Leoforos Vasilissis Olgas toward the Panathenaic Stadium (about 5 min walk) [map].
The stadium is known as Kallimarmaro, meaning “beautiful marble-made”, and what you see today is a third reconstruction on the site where Lykourgos built the original one 330-329 BCE.
It was rebuilt by the Romans in the 2nd century CE, and then again in 1895 to host the first modern Olympics a year later. This latest intervention is a faithful reconstruction of the Roman era stadium.
The next part of the walk would take about half an hour through the National Gardens, Zapeio (an exhibition/conference center built in 1874) [map], Syntagma square, and the National Museum.
The walk from Panathinaic Stadium to Syntagma takes 15 minutes.
You may opt for a drink at the elegant (and pricey) café next to Zappeio, or to be lost in the winding footpaths of the gardens, but our goal is to get to the Syntagma Metro station [map].
Getting to the National Archaeological Museum of Athens
Option: As an option here, if you want to continue walking, you may opt to follow our “BLUE” sightseeing walking tour of the historic center of Athens, and take the Metro to the National Museum from the Monastiraki or Acropolis
Once you reach Syntagma square, spend sometime sightseeing and have a drink or lunch in one of the many cafés and restaurants there.
Then head for the Metro station and take the Line 2 train towards Aghios Antonios.
Ride the metro two stations and change trains at Omonia. There take Line 1 towards Kiffisia and get off after one station at Victoria.
When you exit the metro station, you will be at the west end of Victoria Square, facing the statue in the center [map].
With the statue on our back, cross 31is Septembriou street, and walk through Heyden (or Cheyden) one block.
Turn right on 28is Oktovriou street. You will see the imposing National Museum on your left.
National Archaeological Museum
Once inside the museum, you may follow our free self-guided tour of the National Archaeological Museum.
Buy your ticket at the entrance and you will need to check large backpacks (camera bags and purses can remain with you if they are small).
The restrooms, the restaurant, and gift shop can be accessed from the entrance lobby even before you buy a ticket.
If you want to follow the exhibits in rough chronological order, first walk straight ahead to see artifacts from the stone-age, the Mycenaean, and the Cycladic periods of Greek Art (8000-1000 BCE).
Then walk back to the lobby. Facing the main entrance, turn to your right and start your tour of the Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic, and Roman Eras (1000 BCE – 300 CE).
Don’t miss the second floor exhibition of the Santorini frescoes and the extensive ceramics collection.
The museum visit can be anywhere from a half-hour (rushing through the exhibitions) to two full hours of thorough exploration.